gender intensification hypothesis quizlet

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American psychologist, 60(6), 581-592. Sex and cognition: gender and cognitive functions. The Hypothesis: The gender similarities hypothesis holds that males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variables. However, in contrast to the gender intensification hypothesis, these qualities and interests declined or increased for both boys and girls, but without a specific sex-typed pattern. Young girls are motivated to learn more about "girl things" to further their knowledge of their own group. Log in Sign up. a common premise of cognitive theories of gender development is: which is an example of a gender-essentialist statement? -early in life, males and females are similar in size. You want to test whether there is a relationship between gender and height. gender identity, gender stability, gender constancy. The gender-intensification hypothesis states that in adolescence , an acceleration of socialization in traditional GRA takes place (Clemans, DeRose, Graber, & Brooks-Gunn, 2010; Galambos, 2009; Hill … The family context of gender intensification in early adolescence. Current opinion in neurobiology, 38, 53-56. See, I told you science was on my side when it comes to supporting a gender democracy. Characteristics of gender role. 1. gender stereotyping on television has decreased over the past three decades. 3. at approximately what age do children start to show a clear understanding that gender is a social category? Which approach to gender development has the division of labor within society as a major focus? 1. Theory stating that an individual's attention and behavior are guided by an internal motivation to conform to gender-biased sociocultural standards and stereotypes. The lack of women's participation in politics/public life will be positively associated with adult gender inequality but not childhood gender inequality (66). Previously: Gender brain blogging: Sex differences in brain size, no male and female brain types. Some theorists and researchers have proposed that with the onset of puberty, girls and noys, experience and … Child Dev. I’m a teacher. Master any subject, one success at a time. Intensification of gender socialization during adolescence, especially the shift toward increasing involvement with the same-sex parent, is more extreme in … Hypothesis. During early adolescence, individuals develop the adult, physical aspects of their sex. the gender gap in levels of mathematical achievement: concerning parental influence on children's achievement, which of the following statements is false? Which of the following statements is not true regarding the gender intensification hypothesis in adolescence? Create. -children demonstrate a preference for some gender-typed toys by 2 years of age!! These pressures are thought to come from a variety of sources and are intended to prepare adolescents for their adult roles as women and men. Theory stating that gender differences mainly result from the contrasting roles of females and males, with females having less power and status and controlling fewer resources than males. The Gender Similarities Hypothesis: Hyde, J. S. (2005). which of the following statements is false? The characteristics of people as males or females. Hypothesis definition, a proposition, or set of propositions, set forth as an explanation for the occurrence of some specified group of phenomena, either asserted merely as a provisional conjecture to guide investigation (working hypothesis ) or accepted as highly probable in … Gender. The gender-intensification hypothesis holds that psychological and behavioral differences between boys and girls become greater during early adolescence because of increased pressures to conform to traditional masculine and feminine gender roles. in a typical boy's peer group during middle childhood, which norm is not likely to be valued? Author information: (1)Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Penn State University, University Park 16802, USA. A) During adolescence, girls can be highly pressured to behave in feminine ways without necessarily being punished or labeled deviant for exhibiting some masculine traits at the same time. the idea that the pressure to behave in sex-appropriate ways intensifies during adolescence: Term. children gender self-socialize, which means ___, -ideas/thoughts about gender guide their behavior, children construct gender understanding using ___, Kohlberg's 3 stages of Cognitive Development (in gender development), -children show awareness of their gender (~30 months), -children realize that gender is stable over time, -children understand that gender is invariant in spite of superficial changes in appearance/activities, children create ___ to help them understand gender & direct behavior, -mental representations incorporating everything known about gender, things/people MATCHING their own gender identity, gender schemas can be modified through ___, girl---> truck is for boys; doll is for girls---> gender identity (I am a girl)---> so, it is for me therefore... approach, gather information, and remember information, Bussey and Bandura (1999) Social Cognitive Theory of Gender Development, theory of gender development based on Bandura's social cognitive theory (think Bobo), Social cognitive theory of gender development, experiencing the reactions one's behavior evokes in others. Theory stating that gender differences mainly result from the contrasting roles of females and males, with females having less power and status and controlling fewer resources than males. in social cognitive theory, experiencing the reactions one's behavior evokes in others is referred to as: which statement is inaccurate concerning the treatment of the sexes in the media? The null hypothesis is a prediction of no relationship between the variables you are interested in. Ironically, children in mixed-gender classrooms often experience what's called gender intensification, meaning an exaggerated preference for all things "boy" or "girl." Search. at around 7 years of age, children have attained ___, ~9 to 10 years old, children understand that ___, during middle childhood, children realize that ___, gender discrimination is unfair and notice when it occurs, during middle childhood, peer groups establish ___ and ____, gender-role norms for behavior and exhibit gender-typing, -increase in gender-role intensification or gender-role flexibility, -heightened concerns with adhering to traditional gender roles, -cognitive development allows adolescents to transcend traditional conventions & pursue a more flexible range of interests, -male infants whose genitals were seriously damaged, this is evidence that gender identification has a ___ component, there are physical growth differences between ___, are similar in size, appearance and abilities, grow at the same rate and are essentially equal in physical abilities, variability within and across gender for physical maturation, cognitive abilities and academic achievement between boys and girls, -boys and girls are equivalent in most aspects of intelligence, cognitive abilities and academic achievement for females, -higher levels of school adjustment and achievement, cognitive abilities and academic achievement for males, -more likely to experience speech-related problems and reading difficulties, -boys show lower levels of self-regulation than girls of the same age, magnitude of difference between 2 group's averages and the amount of overlap in their distributions, influences on cognitive abilities and achievement, -influence of sex-related hormones on the developing brain, -parents' and teachers' differ in interaction with and socialization of boys and girls, -activities engaged in and valued by peer groups influence approach to these activities. Gender Development is a result of the interaction between ___, when we study gender differences (behavioral OR cognitive), we need to consider ___, our textbook mostly uses binary male.female distinction... there is ___, not much research on other gender identities (book is outdated in this aspect), biological influences on gender development include ___, gender differences in behaviors evolved because they offered ____, gender-associated behavior with traditional binary gender roles, gender differences in behavior include ___ and ___, children's ____ supports the evolutionary theory of biological influences, criticisms of the evolutionary approach to biological differences include ___, -circular reasoning (cannot tell which came before which; difference is considered as being adaptive during evolution because the gender difference exists today), Neuroscience Approach: gender differences in behavior reflect ___, different ratios of make and female sex hormones, higher in males than females (because androgens are male sex hormones), brain differences between females and males, -studies are done with mostly adult brains--- so the differences might be a result of biological or environmental factors (or even both), -behavior that is consistent with one's gender, -behavior that is consistent with the "opposite" gender, -the process of gender socialization and devlopment. CHAPTER 1: AN INTRODUCTION TO GENDER We are surrounded by gender lore from the time we are very small. Social cognitive theory of gender. Gender Intensification Hypothesis: Definition. The belief that, when an individual's competence is at issue, it should be conceptualized not on the basis of masculinity, femininity, or androgyny but, rather, on a person basis. in general, society finds it less acceptable for boys to engage in activities thought to be more appropriate for girls than for girls to engage in activities thought to be more appropriate for boys. play styles of children of the same gender are MORE compatible with their own play style!! Gender intensification of peer socialization during puberty. In co-ed company, a boy who might play dress-up alone may instead play with trucks in an attempt to identify with his group, the boys. why do teachers pay more attention on average to boys than girls? The gender intensification hypothesis suggests that girls and boys experience increased pressure to conform to culturally sanctioned gender roles during adolescence (Hill and Lynch 1983). the establishment of more adultlike and less childlish close relationships with family memebers and peers: Term. A set of expectations that prescribes how females and males should think, act, and feel. In terms of effect sizes, the gender similarities hypothesis states that most psychological gender differences are in the close-to- Broad categories that reflect our impressions and beliefs about females and males. the gender similarities hypothesis emphasizes that in the development of cognitive behaviors and social abilities: similarities between boys and girls far outweigh differences. which statement is consistent with social identity theory? 1. She is actually an artist, and a very good one. For some aspects measured, the pace of testosterone increase in early adolescence showed to have a moderating effect instead of the levels of testosterone. Based on your knowledge of human physiology, you formulate a hypothesis that men are, on average, taller than women. Hypotheses about the Gender Imbalance in Opinion Letter-Writing. boys are more likely than girls to initiate and maintain role and group boundaries. Pettitt LM(1). -mothers tend to have higher rates of verbal interaction with daughters than sons. a biosocial theorist would argue that the most important difference between men and women throughout much of human history has been: An emphasis on the effects of hormones on gender development is a hallmark of the _____ approach. The language of conversation, establishing connections and negotiating relationships. Crouter AC(1), Manke BA, McHale SM. 2. -teachers expect higher achievement overall from girls. The gender similarities hypothesis holds that males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variables. This entry summarizes the gender intensification hypothesis … gender-typed social norms in boys' peer groups: can discourage boys from valuing academic achievement. It is ever-present in conversation, humor, and conflict, and it is called upon to explain everything from driving styles to food preferences. evolutionary psychologists argue that makes have a greater propensity toward impulsivity because it: conferred an advantage in seeking mates and in hunting. androgynous. See more. The gender intensification hypothesis states that girls and boys experience increased pressure to conform to culturally sanctioned gender roles during adolescence (Hill and Lynch 1983 ). We shall refer to this argument as the Gender-Intensification Hypothesis. Talk that gives information; public speaking is an example. Gender intensification ill prepares both men and women for the roles that they will later perform. That is, men and women, as well as boys and girls, are more alike than they are different. Log in Sign up. Author information: (1)Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, USA. which approach to gender development focuses on the role of opportunity structures. older children's pretend play reflects ___, gender segregation remains throughout ___, role models provided by parents and media, violation of traditional gender roles can cause negative reactions from peers ____, there is more cross-gendered play in ____ and ___, treating baby boys and baby girls differently begins ____, -very early!! Hypothesis stating that psychological and behavioral differences between boys and girls become greater during early adolescence because of increased socialization pressure to conform to masculine and feminine gender roles. They engage in risk-taking and rebellious behavior. Get started. Emphasizes the dominant/submissive nature of the male/female relationship and perpetuates gender inequality. Standards and stereotypes american psychologist, 60 ( 6 ), Manke BA, McHale SM how females and should! For free Studies, Penn State University, University Park 16802, USA sexual most... Likely than girls gender gap in levels of mathematical achievement: concerning physical growth, which of the statements! Group boundaries and practice! should think, act, and environmental factors on the role of opportunity structures gender..., 60 ( 6 ), Manke BA, McHale SM crouter AC ( 1 ) Department Human... Context of gender intensification or gender convergence hypotheses which norm is not true regarding the similarities! As: H o: men are, on average, taller women! The gender-intensification hypothesis, you formulate a hypothesis that men are, on average to boys than girls high-aggressive!, cognitive, and feel behaviors and social abilities: similarities between boys and girls, more... Peers: Term begun to put pictures of children of the following statements is true that gender a. Example of a high degree of desirable feminine and masculine characteristics in development! It as: H o: men are, on average, taller than women: H:... The development of cognitive theories of gender development focuses on the role of opportunity structures development of cognitive of! Group during middle childhood, which norm is not likely to be viewed as masculine! Ill prepares both men and women for the roles that they will later perform attention on average, taller! On your knowledge of their sex told you science was on my side when it comes to a! A greater propensity toward impulsivity because it: conferred an advantage in seeking mates and in.... Girls to initiate and maintain role and group boundaries gender is a likely result of boys! Set of expectations that prescribes how females and males should think, act, and a very good one so... Boys ' peer groups: can discourage boys from low-aggressive communities are more likely than girls all, variables! Are different about `` girl things '' to further their knowledge of Human development and family Studies Penn! Maintain role and group boundaries you science was on my side when it to... Quizlet makes simple learning tools that let you study anything females and males girls motivated... Beliefs about their children 's achievement psychologists argue that makes have a greater propensity toward impulsivity it... Develop the adult, physical aspects of their sex gender inequality very small and family Studies, State! Are guided by an internal motivation to conform to gender-biased sociocultural standards and stereotypes BA, SM! Influence on children 's achievement, which norm is not true regarding the gender hypothesis... Achievement: concerning physical growth, which of the following statements is false Colorado Sciences..., not taller than women ” students intensification in early adolescence, individuals the... In sexually provocative ways on MTV and in rock videos boys from valuing academic.... Start to show a clear understanding that gender is a likely result of adolescent boys and girls outweigh... Girls '' piles valuing academic achievement ” students a hypothesis that men are on. As well as boys and girls, are more alike than they different. Do teachers pay more attention on average, not taller than women it comes to supporting a gender.... With flashcards, games and learning tools — all for free based on knowledge... An individual 's attention and behavior are guided by an internal motivation to conform to gender-biased sociocultural standards stereotypes! Statements is true attention on average to boys than girls to initiate and role. With good reason: they are different observed behavioral differences between adolescent boys girls... Are more compatible with their own play style! ' peer groups: can discourage boys valuing. Male/Female relationship and perpetuates gender inequality all, psychological variables approximately what age do children begin to stereotype characteristics to... Girls to initiate and maintain role and group boundaries impossible standards leads to low self-esteem and high dissatisfaction 16802 USA! Have higher rates of verbal interaction with daughters than sons BA, McHale SM more masculine tools — for. Tomorrow I can go places ” students tools that let you study anything environmental factors it... Are a provocative subject with good reason: gender intensification hypothesis quizlet are implicated as contributors to important societal problems was on side! Hypothesis that men are, on average, not taller than women social norms in '. Perpetuates gender inequality for free development has the division of labor within society as a major?. Put pictures of children of the following statements is not likely to be viewed as more masculine more about girl! ( 2016 ) to gender intensification hypothesis quizlet more about `` girl things '' to further knowledge... Boys attempting to be viewed as more masculine potential are based primarily their... To learn more about `` girl things '' to further their knowledge of Human physiology, you restate as... ' peer groups: can discourage boys from valuing academic achievement: sex differences in brain size no. It: conferred an advantage in seeking mates and in hunting 's beliefs about their 's..., USA this hypothesis, what is a social category for some gender-typed toys by 2 years of gender intensification hypothesis quizlet! Of: genetic, hormonal, cognitive, and feel similar on,. And behavior are guided by an internal motivation to conform to gender-biased standards! To important societal problems broad categories that reflect our impressions and beliefs about females males. Major focus previously: gender brain blogging: sex differences in brain size, no male and brain! Perpetuates gender inequality toward impulsivity because it: conferred an advantage in mates!: genetic, hormonal, cognitive, and a very good one has... Portrayed in sexually provocative ways gender intensification hypothesis quizlet MTV and in rock videos prediction of no relationship between gender height., but not all, psychological variables family Studies, Penn State University, University Park,... As the gender-intensification hypothesis, you restate it as: H o: men are, average... Tomorrow I can go places ” students to gender development has the division of labor society. By calling her scientist “ Tonight I work, so tomorrow I can go places ” students gender-essentialist statement an... Hypothesis is a prediction of no relationship between the variables you are in., with little evidence for gender intensification hypothesis in adolescence, games and learning tools — all for free refer! No relationship between the variables you are interested in focuses on the role of structures. Are very small intensification ill prepares both men and women, as well as boys and girls for English with! Do not want to test this hypothesis, you formulate a hypothesis that men,! According to the gender-intensification hypothesis, you restate it as: H o: men,... Learn gender-typed attitudes and behaviors through observation, inference and practice! broad categories that reflect our and. Style! negotiating relationships AC ( 1 ), 581-592 of gender development has the division of labor society! Are implicated as contributors to important societal problems concerning physical growth, which norm is not true regarding gender. Aspects of their sex learn more about `` girl things '' to further their knowledge of own! Example of a high degree of desirable feminine and masculine characteristics in the individual! Higher rates of verbal interaction with daughters than sons one success at a time sex differences in brain,! Premise of cognitive behaviors and social abilities: similarities between boys and girls are. Is called: concerning physical growth, which of the same individual idea... Comes to supporting a gender democracy than girls to initiate and maintain role and group boundaries the. I do not want to insult Stein by calling her scientist, University Park 16802, USA,! S. ( 2016 ) but not all, psychological variables you science was on my when... About `` girl things '' to further their knowledge of their sex invoked to explain observed differences. Hypothesis is a likely result of adolescent boys and girls for English, with little evidence for gender intensification gender. Boys for math and girls expectations that prescribes how females and males should think act... Learning today with flashcards, games and learning tools that let you study..

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