Question 2. “Democracy is the most popular form of government that has emerged in modern times, but shortcomings cannot be ruled out.” Justify this claim by assessing five shortcomings of democracy. HOTS answer: Question 6. Explain the main characteristics of democracy. Answer: Question 3. Why is democracy considered the best option among all other political systems in the world? Explain. Answer: Question 6: “Although democracy is considered the best form of government, it is not an ideal form of government.” Provide five arguments to prove the above claim. Answer: Question 8. Write five arguments for and five against democracy as a form of government. Answer: Arguments for democracy: (iv) In non-democratic countries, workers are not allowed to form their independent unions. Only unions that rightly or wrongly support government policies can survive. Question 4. What does direct democracy mean? Why can`t it be practiced in today`s world? Answer: (i) Direct democracy implies for democracy, in which every citizen must be able to play the same role in decision-making.
(ii) (a) Modern democracies include so many people that it is physically impossible for them to sit together and make a collective decision. Even the majority does not govern directly, but through its elected representatives. (b) In addition, the citizen does not have the time, desire or skills to participate in all decisions. Question 6. Who has the final decision-making power in a democracy? Answer: Elected representatives of the people. Question 5. “Democracy is about political competition and power games. There is no room for morality.
Justify this statement by making arguments against democracy. Answer: Question 9. Note some common characteristics of non-democratic countries. Answer: Some common characteristics of non-democratic countries are: (i) In non-democratic countries, the people are not allowed to criticize the government. This means imprisonment, harassment and anger one after the other. Question 16. What form of government is considered nbn-democratic? Answer: Military regime or monarchy. (iii) In non-democratic countries, no opposition is tolerated. The question of political parties, in particular opposition parties, therefore does not arise. Only political parties that stick to the government`s line can survive.
Question 13. Consider the following facts about a country and decide if you would call it a democracy. Give reasons to support your decision. (i) All citizens of the country have the right to vote. Elections are held regularly. (ii) The country has taken out a loan from international organizations. One of the conditions of the loans was that the government reduce its spending on education and health. (iii) People speak more than seven languages, but education is available in only one language, the language spoken by 52 per cent of the inhabitants of that country. (iv) Several organizations have called for peaceful demonstrations and nationwide strikes in the country to oppose this policy. The government arrested these leaders.
(v) The Government owns radio and television in the country. All newspapers must obtain permission from the government to publish news about government policies and protests. Answer: (i) Where citizens have the right to vote and where elections are held regularly, it is democracy. But elections must be free and fair. In India, democracy exists because elections are conducted freely and fairly. (ii) It is democratic. Borrowing from international organizations alone does not make democratic government undemocratic. (iii) It is not democratic. In a democracy, lessons should be given in a language spoken by students. (iv) It is not democratic.
People have the right to protest against government policies. Peaceful demonstrations and national strikes are democratic methods of protest. (v) It is undemocratic. It is essential for democracy that radio and television be autonomous. (vi) Lack of an independent judiciary: The government ignored some court decisions against it and put pressure on judges. Question 5. What qualities make democratic governance so popular? Answer: Question 10. What is the most common form of democracy? Why is this form of democracy necessary? Answer: The most common form of democracy is representative democracy. Question 12. How does democracy in a country enhance the dignity of an individual? Name three points. Answer: (ii) In non-democratic countries, the reign of the king or the so-called military regime prevails and the question of elections does not arise.
Question 1. Use an example to prove that democratic government is a more accountable form of government. Answer: We can take the example of India. In India, the government is accountable to the citizens. (i) Government policy in India is based on democratic values. (ii) it is able to meet the needs of individuals. and (iii) holding multi-party elections. (iv) There are opposition parties that criticize the government.
(v) Democracy ensures that decision-making is based on standards and procedures. A citizen who wants to know if a decision has been made by the right procedures can know this. This is called transparency. This shows that democracy produces a government that follows procedures and is accountable to the government. (vi) A democratic Government governs within the limits imposed by constitutional and civil rights law. (vii) Democracy provides a method of managing differences and conflicts. It is suitable in countries like India. India has a diversity of languages, religions and cultures. (viii) It is better than other forms of government because it allows us to correct our own issues.
(ix) Democracy also enhances the dignity of citizens because it is based on the principle of political equality. This means that the poorest and least educated have the same status as the rich and educated. Question 1. What is representative democracy? Answer: In representative democracy, not all the people govern or do, but a majority or elected representatives who are authorized to make decisions on behalf of all the people. Question 7. In what form of government has political equality played an important role? Answer: Democratic. Question 4. Why are quality decisions possible in a democracy? Answer: A democratic decision always involves a lot of people, discussions and meetings. Question 1. Defining democracy.
There are two advantages and two disadvantages of democracy. Answer: Democracy is a form of government that is chosen by the people to work for their well-being and can be changed by them. Essentially: Question 9. Why is democracy called “government through discussion”? Answer: Question 11. To what extent was the communist government responsible for the famine that took place in China in 1958-1961? Explain. Answer: China`s famine of 1958-1961 was the worst famine on record in world history. Nearly three crore people died in this famine. At that time, India`s economic situation was not much better than in China. But India did not have a famine like China. Economists believe this is the result of different government policies in the two countries. The existence of democracy in India has prompted the Indian government to respond to food shortages in a way that the Chinese government has not done.
They point out that in an independent and democratic country, there has never been a great famine, if China also held multi-party elections, an opposition party and a press capable of criticizing the government, then perhaps few people would have died in starvation. Question 14. Why has every election been won by the PRI party in China? Explain three reasons. Answer: Any election won by the party called PRI in China because: Question 9. What to do in a democracy when mistakes are made? Answer: There should be a public debate about these mistakes. Question 5. What is the rule of democracy? Answer: The popular rule e.B Salvador Allende`s rule in Chile. (v) The right to liberty is lacking: public demonstrations and anti-Government demonstrations are declared illegal. There is a law that restricts the right to criticize the president. Television and radio are controlled by the government.
Question 3. Name two characteristics of democracy. Answer: Question 8: “Democracy is better than other forms of government because it allows us to correct our own mistakes.” Explain.. .